Montana Best Times September 2014

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The strange beauty of Medicine Rocks
Who are the Sons of Norway?
History woman
Raising colorful koi
A Monthly Publication for Folks 50 and Better
ASeptember 2014
September 2014 — 2
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Savvy Senior ............................................Page 3
Bookshelf .................................................Page 5
Opinion ....................................................Page 4
Volunteering .............................................Page 19
On the Menu ............................................Page 20
Calendar ...................................................Page 21
Strange But True ......................................Page 22
News Lite
Woman tackles man fleeing police,
then taunts him
RICHLAND, Wash. (AP) — A 40-year-old woman tackled a
20-year-old man fleeing from police in Washington state, then
taunted him about being taken down by a grandmother.
Richland police Capt. Mike Cobb tells the Tri-City Herald that
Becky Powell was driving by when she saw the man run from offi-
cers. She told her husband to speed ahead of the fleeing man, and
got out to confront him.
Powell says the man tried to stiff-arm her, but she felled him,
pulling down his shorts in the process.
She says she got help pinning the man down and asked him how it
felt to be taken down by a mother of five and a grandmother of three.
Cobb says police appreciated Powell’s actions but warned people
not to get involved in police matters. Cobb says the man ran
because he had an outstanding warrant.
Colorado marshal can’t
adjust to high altitude
NEDERLAND, Colo. (AP) — Nederland, Colorado’s town mar-
shal says he is resigning after just six months because he can’t
adjust to the altitude.
The Daily Camera reported Aug. 25 that Jim Matheney want-
ed to dispel rumors, including one claiming he left the job in the
quirky town just west of Boulder because of a space alien
Matheney, a former police captain in suburban Detroit, says he
left because he could not acclimate to the 8,400-foot altitude.
Paul Carrill, a former Kansas City, Missouri, sheriff’s command-
er, is interim marshal.
The town, which has five officers and a sergeant, is also known
for its Frozen Dead Guy Days festival, celebrating the corpse of a
man who hoped to one day be revived.
Dear Savvy Senior,
What do I need to do to get Social Security disability? I’m
57 years old and have some health issues that are keeping
me from working, but I’ve heard it’s very difficult to get
— Need Assistance
Dear Need,
The process of getting Social Security disability benefits
can be tricky and time-consuming, but you can help your-
self by doing your homework and getting prepared.
Last year, around 3 million people applied for Social
Security disability benefits, but two-thirds of them were
denied, because most applicants fail to prove that they’re
disabled and can’t work. Here are some steps you can take
that will improve your odds.
»Get informed
The first thing you need to find out is if your health
problem qualifies you for Social Security disability bene-
You generally will be eligible only if you have a health
problem that is expected to prevent you from working in
your current line of work (or any other line of work that
you have been in over the past 15 years) for at least a year,
or result in death.
There is no such thing as a partial disability benefit. If
you’re fit enough to work part-time, your application will
be denied. You also need not apply if you still are working
with the intention of quitting if your application is
approved, because if you’re working your application will
be denied.
Your skill set and age are factors too. Your application
will be denied if your work history suggests that you have
the skills to perform a less physically demanding job that
your disability does not prevent you from doing.
To help you determine if you are disabled, visit
dibplan/dqualify5.htm and go through the five questions
Social Security uses to determine disability.
»How to apply
If you believe you have a claim, your next step is to gath-
er up your personal, financial and medical information so
you can be prepared and organized for the application pro-
You can apply either online at,
or call 800-772-1213 to make an appointment to apply at
your local Social Security office or to set up an appoint-
ment for someone to take your claim over the phone.
The whole process lasts about an hour. If you schedule
an appointment, a “Disability Starter Kit” that will help
you get ready for your interview will be mailed to you. If
you apply online, the kit is available at
It takes three to five months from the initial application
to receive either an award or denial of benefits. The only
exception is if you have a chronic illness that qualifies you
for a “compassionate allowance” (see
ateallowances), which fast tracks cases within weeks.
If Social Security denies your initial application, you can
appeal the decision, and you’ll be happy to know that
roughly half of all cases that go through a round or two of
appeals end with benefits being awarded. But the bad news
is with backlog of about 900,000 people currently waiting
for a hearing it may take a year or longer for you to get
»Get help
You can hire a representative to help you with your
Social Security disability claim. By law, representatives
can charge only 25 percent of past-due benefits up to a
maximum of $6,000, if they win your case.
It’s probably worth hiring someone at the start of the
application process if your disability is something difficult
to prove such as chronic pain. If, however, your disability
is obvious, it might be worth initially working without a
representative to avoid paying the fee. You can always hire
a representative later if your initial application and first
appeal are denied.
To find a representative, check with the National Associ-
ation of Social Security Claimants’ Representatives (noss-, 800-431-2804) or National Association of Disabili-
ty Representatives (, 800-747-6131). Or, if you’re
low-income, contact the Legal Services Corporation (lsc.
gov/find-legal-aid) for free assistance.
Send your senior questions to: Savvy Senior, P.O. Box
5443, Norman, OK 73070, or visit
Jim Miller, creator of the syndicated “Savvy
Senior” information column, is a longtime
advocate of senior issues. He has been featured in
Time magazine; is author of “The Savvy Senior:
The Ultimate Guide to Health, Family and
Finances for Senior Citizens”; and is a regular
contributor to the NBC “Today” show.
September 2014 — 3
How to Get Social Security
Benefits When You’re Disabled
September 2014 — 4
Benefit of getting older: You just don’t care
A Monthly Publication for Folks 50 and Better
Dwight Harriman, Editor • Tom Parisella, Designer
P.O. Box 2000, 401 S. Main St., Livingston MT 59047
Tel. (406) 222-2000 or toll-free (800) 345-8412 • Fax: (406) 222-8580
E-mail: • Subscription rate: $25/yr.
Published monthly by Yellowstone Newspapers, Livingston, Montana
One of the nice things for us baby boomers about get-
ting older is we just don’t care as much about a lot of
Hair style not quite cool? Who cares, because who are you
trying to impress anyway? Wearing loose-fit jeans instead of
the snug variety of the younger set? They’re crazy for con-
stricting their movement. Car not as late a model as your
buddies’? Whatever, it gets you around. Can’t keep up with
your college-age kids when you go out for a jog? Phhht,
their knees will be bugging them soon enough — let them
have their fun while they can. Have to tote el-cheapo read-
ing glasses everywhere you go? Hey, just be happy you can
see. Wearing a goofy T-shirt you found at a thrift store that
says, “Cleverly disguised as a responsible adult?” Who
cares, it’s comfortable.
It’s all kind of liberating, really.
As we get older, we start appreciating more the things
that matter and worrying less about the things that don’t. I
say “start” because we baby boomers haven’t exactly
reached Ghandi status and are still prone to concerns about
meaningless trifles, but it gets easier not to worry.
Especially when you see kids wearing skinny jeans and
thinking they’re pretty cool. You just gotta smile.
— Dwight Harriman
Montana Best Times Editor
By Montana Best Times Staff
Comes now an inspiring book rooted in the
plains of our next-door neighbor, North Dakota.
“Running with the Antelope: Life, Fitness, and
Grit on the Northern Plains” is about
Melanie Carvell is a gifted athlete who grew up in
a small town in southwestern North Dakota in the
1970s, a release on the book from publisher Univer-
sity of Oklahoma Press says.
This memoir tells the story of Carvell’s remarkable journey,
from the agricultural village of Mott (population 732) to world
duathlon and triathlon competitions, then a career as a physical
therapist, director of the Sanford Women’s Health Center in
Bismarck, N.D., and a widely sought-after motivational speak-
Carvell learned to run on the northern Great Plains, where the
winters are long and harsh and the wind tests the human spirit,
the release says. She attributes her national and international suc-
cess to her agrarian roots and the challenge of biking, running,
and swimming in one of the most formidable landscapes of
Her motivational philosophy is, “If I can do these things, given
the modesty of my upbringing and the harshness of the Dakota
climate, so can you,” she states in the release.
“Running with the Antelope” will inspire readers to begin a
program of athletic training, weight loss, or general self-improve-
Written in a humble and accessible style, with loving anecdotes
about her life as a top athlete and her work as a physical therapist,
“Running with the Antelope” is part self-help book, part prairie
memoir, and part song of love to North Dakota, which is under-
going a rapid transformation from its agrarian past to a carbon
extraction industrial future, the release says.
In addition to being a physical therapist and director of the
Sanford Women’s Health Center in Bismarck, Carvell is a five-
time All-American triathlete, representing USA Triathlons on
eight World Championship teams and having won a bronze medal
in Germany in 1999.
Clay S. Jenkinson is the editor of The Dakota Institute Press
and author of “For the Love of North Dakota and Other Essays,”
“The Character of Meriwether Lewis,” and “A Free and Hardy
September 2014 — 5
“Running with the Antelope:
Life, Fitness, and Grit on the
Northern Plains”
• By Melanie Carvell, foreword
by Clay S. Jenkinson
• University of Oklahoma
Press 2014 • Hardcover
• 229 pages • 6 1/4” x 9 1/4”
• ISBN 978-0-9916041-0-4
From the plains of
Mott, N.D., to
triathlete, the
remarkable life of
Melanie Carvell
By Kathleen Gilluly
Montana Best Times
LAUREL — Out of the thousands upon
thousands of eggs a mature female koi can
produce, generally only a few will result in
“First, you want to keep the healthy
ones,” said fish breeder Teus Sterkenburg.
“Then you’ll be lucky to get 10 percent as
nice as the parents. If you are really lucky,
you may get one that’s nicer.”
Koi, or more specifically, nishikigoi, lit-
erally “brocaded carp,” are ornamental
varieties of domesticated common carp that
are kept for decorative purposes in outdoor
koi ponds or water gardens. The cold-water
fish, with their ability to survive and adapt
to many climates and water conditions,
thrive under Sterkenburg’s care in a back-
yard pond near Laurel.
With an ease borne of expertise, Sterken-
burg explains the entire process from pick-
ing out the brood fish, isolating them and
raising the water temperature to encourage
spawning, through raising the fry to sale
size. All but one of the colorful fish were
bred and raised by Sterkenburg himself.
The sole outsider is a Japanese Koi.
“It really doesn’t matter how many fish
you have; it’s the pounds that count,” he
said of the issue of waste cleanup at his
pond, during a recent interview at the
7,000-gallon water feature in his yard.
His voice is melodic and colored with a
Dutch accent. Sterkenburg is a story-teller
— and not just because he’s a fisherman.
Begin at the beginning
As stories go, Sterkenburg has a lot of
source material. He sits by the pond at his
home amid a lush garden, and the conversa-
tion darts from his many interests to enter-
taining friends and back again.
“I have to cut back. There is so much to
do and so much I want to do,” he said. “I
can’t spend all my time maintaining the
ponds and gardens.”
Scaling back is hard for Sterkenburg. He
has been on the move his entire adult life.
After growing up in the Netherlands and
becoming a civil engineer, work took the
Dutchman around the world. He met his
wife, Dot, in Nigeria, where she was work-
ing for the American Information Service.
He was overseeing a dredging project and
happened to attend a party with the future
Mrs. Sterkenburg.
“Then we went back to Holland for six
months before we were off to Baltimore,”
he explained. There he worked on the har-
bor adjoining Chesapeake Bay.
“We moved from job to job,” Sterken-
burg said. “Before we settled here to retire,
we moved 19 times. We lived in Maine and
then Canada for eight years. I think that
was the longest we were anywhere.”
The couple had four children. The first
was born in Texas and the other three were
born in the U.S. Virgin Islands.
“We lived there twice,” he said running
through the timeline.
Upon retirement, the well-traveled cou-
ple moved to Bakersfield, Calif., to enjoy
the sun. Dot also had family there. But
when one of their sons settled in Montana
after attending Rocky Mountain College in
Billings on a football scholarship and got
September 2014 — 6
World traveler isn’t ‘koi’
about his passion for aquaculture
MT Best Times photos by Kathleen Gilluly
On the cover: Teus Sterkenburg, of Laurel, feeds the colorful koi swimming in his backyard pond. Above: Sterkenburg’s koi
congregate in a corner of the pond.
married, they changed their plans.
“Well, our son stayed in Montana and
they had two children,” Sterkenburg said.
“That’s why we moved to Laurel.”
Fish tales
That most recent relocation let Sterken-
burg pour his energy into engineering a
water world of his own, right outside the
“They are a little shy today,” Sterkenburg
remarked about the various-sized and col-
ored koi. “They know there are strangers
here, so they aren’t as friendly as when it is
just me.”
Nonetheless, the fish, ranging from fin-
gerlings to lunkers of 10 or more pounds,
follow visitors around their habitat, hoping
for a handout. Fat females push their way to
the water’s edge and Sterkenburg rewards
their brashness with a handful of fish chow
from a bright red Folger’s coffee can. The
water roils as white, black, red, yellow,
blue, and creamy scaled fish lunge for pel-
lets that have fallen in a boggy spot, almost
beaching themselves.
“See that?” Sterkenburg said. “They real-
ly like the food.”
The fish can live and grow for decades,
but the investment is worth all the time and
work, he said, while feeding the largest fish
right out of his hand.
Fish farming has become a business the
entire family shares. Sterkenburg’s son has
acreage with a large natural pond.
“I let about 30 fish go in there recently.
My pond was getting crowded,” he said.
In addition to raising fish for sale at area
pet stores, for his own pond and his son’s
pond, Sterkenburg also supplies ZooMon-
tana in Billings with koi. He and members
of the pond club in which he’s active, the
Water Skippers, also volunteer at the zoo,
maintaining the ponds and surrounding
foliage. As with his pond at home, water lil-
ies are abundant and other aquatic plants
are being cultivated, too.
The next chapter
“You really have to start breeding the fish
in the spring — the earlier the better,” Ster-
kenburg said. “You have more time for
them to grow.”
Because most pond owners and koi afi-
cionados purchase new fish in time to enjoy
them for the season, by mid-summer, the
demand drops off.
In the fall, Sterkenburg prepares for the
cold season.
“I stop feeding them in October, and they
go dormant for the winter,” he explained.
“So then I find other things to do.”
So much for doing less.
In addition to the 7,000 gallon pond and
its advanced filtration system, Sterkenburg
has an astounding yard and gardens to care
for. In the expansive front yard, two gar-
dens boast over 300 types of irises and suc-
culents, and tropical plants are intermingled
with fruit-laden tomato plants. Near the
pond sits a sago palm. Beside it is a night
blooming orchid cactus.
“It blooms only at night,” Sterkenburg
said, “and this year we had about 35
Those plants will go into the greenhouse
before snow flies, while the fish will sur-
vive under the ice that covers the pond
every winter.
The verdant space seems symbolic of
Sterkenburg’s himself — an amalgam of
the exotic and familiar anchored, for now,
on High Plains. So, while Sterkenburg may
plan to cut back, each flash of fin and
unfurling leaf asserts his passion of life and
creative juices are still flowing strong.
Kathleen Gilluly may be reached at or (406) 628-
September 2014 — 7
Above left: Plants grow along Teus Sterkenburg’s beautifully laid out koi pond in his back yard. Above right: A close-up of one of
Sterkenburg’s koi.
What does
‘koi’ mean?
The word “koi” comes from Japa-
nese language, simply meaning
“carp.” It includes both the dull-gray
fish and the brightly colored varieties.
According to Wikipedia, what are
known as koi in English are referred to
more specifically as nishikigoi in Japan
— literally meaning “brocaded carp.”
In Japanese, koi is a homophone for
another word that means “affection”
or “love”; koi are therefore symbols
of love and friendship in Japan.
September 2014 — 8
Photos by Alan Berner/Seattle Times/MCT
Bob Montgomery, 92, has been repairing
typewriters for decades and might be the
last left in the area with a business
devoted only to these machines.
At 92, one of the last typewriter
repairmen loves his Selectrics
By Erik Lacitis
The Seattle Times/MCT
BREMERTON —The area’s last typewriter repairman is 92 and
he’ll tell you all kinds of stories.
Bob Montgomery has the time for stories because he’s not that
busy these days. Time passes slowly in his fifth-floor space at a
downtown Bremerton office building.
He was always a skinny guy. At his age, he looks frailer than he
But his mind is sharp, remembering details about machines man-
ufactured a century ago. His eyesight is good, and he uses magnify-
ing glasses to work with tweezers on delicate parts.
Walk into his shop, and you’re transported to a different world.
Outside, people are tethered to their smartphones, busy, busy,
busy tweeting 140 characters of random thoughts.
Here, at the Bremerton Office Machine Company, the machines
from a different era sit on shelves, relegated to collectors and those
who never quite adjusted to staring at a screen.
What matters here are not quad-core processors, but things like a
little round metal escapement wheel, its teeth used to move type one
space forward.
Oh, if somehow Montgomery could cash in on the renewed inter-
est in typewriters. They’ve been making headlines around the
In 2013, the Russian newspaper Izvestia reported that country’s
Federal Protective Service, worried about computer hackers, was
planning to buy German-made Triumph-Adler Twen 180 electric
typewriters. The Russians weren’t going as retro as to get totally
mechanical ones.
Then, in July of this year, German media reported that a defense
manufacturer in that country had switched to electric typewriters.
Also, the head of a German parliamentary inquiry into spying by
the U.S. said his committee was considering using typewriters.
To capitalize, the manufacturer of the Triumph-Adler released a
video touting the machine as “Bug proof. NSA proof.”
Actually, typewriters are not completely bug proof.
In a document worthy of spy novelist John le Carre, you can read
an NSA paper called “The Gunman Project.”
It tells that in the early 1980s, the U.S. discovered how the Sovi-
ets bugged the American embassy in Moscow, including its Selec-
The implants were found when the machines were X-rayed.
Each character being typed had a unique movement, and the bugs
could detect that and transmit the information.
Of course, bugging a typewriter requires a person sneaking in and
physically tampering with it; a hacker half a world away is no good.
A lifetime with typewriters
Montgomery was 7 or 8 when he began going to his dad’s shop in
downtown Seattle, changing ribbons, learning to repair the
That’s 85-some years of typewriters.
To be accurate, he’s not the last, last typewriter repairman.
But in the Puget Sound area, he’s the last one who could be found
whose full-time business is repairing typewriters.
In Bellevue, you can find Dave Armstrong, who also repairs type-
writers but says it’s only 10 percent of his business, Computer &
Printer Repair.
“A lot of people see something on Craigslist and get some roman-
tic notion to write the great American novel on this thing,” says Arm-
strong. “An awful lot of the machines are just not worth repairing.”
Every weekday, sometimes also on weekends, Montgomery takes
the bus from the retirement community in which he lives to his
His rate is $48 an hour, and a punch time clock ticks away on the
Thousands and thousands of little typewriter parts are stored in
drawers and plastic boxes. Montgomery is the only one who knows
which specific model a little gizmo is for.
Some weeks he’s busy with people who bring in their antique-
shop find, and those who still love their IBM Selectrics; 13 million
were made from 1961 to 1986.
Greg Meinhold, of Everett, is one such Selectric customer. He’s a
broker who sells hotels.
It turns out that some people he deals with “don’t do email stuff.”
They want it typed old-style.
Sometimes a line has to be added to a one-of-a-kind deed. Forget
about using a computer. That deed has to be manually scrolled into
a typewriter.
“He has so much knowledge, I end up talking to him for an hour,”
says Meinhold.
Then there is the sheer physicality involved, especially with
Shipping weight for them is listed at up to 38 pounds. You try lift-
ing a Selectric if you ever get to age 92.
Sometimes, when he gets tired, Montgomery takes a nap on a
couch in the office. “Then I’m good again for another two or three
hours,” he says.
Repairing through World War II
Montgomery remembers repairing typewriters during World War
II in Bushy Park in London, right where Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhow-
er was stationed as the Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary
Force. A few times, Montgomery saw Ike going to and fro.
Wars generate not just casualties, but plenty of paperwork.
Montgomery had been drafted and trained as an infantryman.
Then his records showed he could repair typewriters.
“I think every latrine orderly had a typewriter,” he remembers.
When Montgomery returned from the war, he went back to the
family business, which eventually moved to Bremerton.
Besides the machines, Montgomery’s other big love has been the
Bremerton Community Theatre. He has acted in or been part of the
production of more than 145 shows, as recently as a few months
“It looks like the end of an era. We’re trying to figure out what he
needs to retire,” says company president Paul Holiday.
Montgomery tries to explain his 85 years of love for the typewrit-
He says, “It’s the only machine I know of that you can put a piece
of paper in it, start typing, and you see something appear on that
In the background, the punch time clock keeps marking the min-
For a while, at least.
EDITOR’S NOTE: Times researcher Miyoko Wolf contributed to
this report.
September 2014 — 9
The type balls for Selectrics are lined up in Bob Montgomery’s work space, where thousands of parts are stored in drawers and
plastic boxes.
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By Jason Stuart
Ranger-Review Staff Writer
Finding your way there means traveling
off the beaten path — way off — but the
payoff is worth the trip.
Exit off Interstate 94 at Wibaux and fol-
low state Highway 7 south for approxi-
mately 68 miles across the empty, wind-
swept plains and you can’t miss it.
It rises abruptly just north of the sleepy
town of Ekalaka, floating up out of the prai-
rie like a Salvador Dalí painting brought to
life or a bizarre flotilla of derelict ships
afloat on a verdant sea.
This is Medicine Rocks State Park, a tiny
parcel of public land in the middle of
nowhere set aside to preserve the epony-
mous sandstone formations: a place where
geology, history and art collide.
Evidence of native peoples
“It offers a lot of geologic history, it
offers a lot of paleontological history, and it
offers a lot of Native American history,”
said park manager Nathan Powell of the
park. “It has a whole lot to offer.”
Geologically, the rocks are the hardened
sand deposits of an ancient river estuary
laid down over 60 million years ago, a time
when the climate of North America was
radically different and what would become
eastern Montana was oceanfront property.
Historically, the Medicine Rocks have for
native peoples long held sacred meaning
and importance as a communal meeting
place and hunting ground.
The site was of particular importance to
three tribes — the Crow, Sioux and North-
ern Cheyenne.
Look closely, and you can find traces of
the time they spent here.
Atop the flat ridge at the center of the
park, archaeological researchers have iden-
tified some half dozen tepee rings where
native peoples once camped. The rings are
not readily visible among the brushy scrub
covering the ground, but they are there.
I found one of them easily enough, even
through the driving rain that accompanied
my visit. It wasn’t much to look at or pho-
tograph, but there was no mistaking the
incomplete but nonetheless concentric cir-
cle of small, flat stones spaced out at rather
regular intervals.
Standing there, it was easy to imagine the
people who had camped here so long ago
sitting around their fire regaling each other
with tales of the day’s hunt or sharing their
creation stories about this sacred place.
September 2014 — 10
Medicine Rocks State Park
Strange, sacred formations rise over eastern Montana prairie
MT Best Times photos by Jason Stuart
The Medicine Rocks are the hardened alluvial deposits of a prehistoric river estuary. Sculpted by the elements, the site was
sacred to several Northern Plains tribes, who utilized it as a hunting ground and communal gathering place.
Way back in time
Even long before the historical Native American tribes came
here, earlier native peoples long ago discovered Medicine Rocks.
They, too, left their mark, in the form of now only faintly visible
carvings in the rock.
“We have all the carvings there that give us the history,” Powell
said. “We have some carvings up to 1,000 years old.”
These ancient petroglyphs are scattered here and there among the
sandstone monoliths. Dozens have been recorded and doubtless
many more have been lost over the centuries to erosion or vandal-
On one rock face — if you can find it, and I’m not going to spoil
it for you — are three of these petroglyphs in a row.
Going from left to right, the first depicts what researchers believe
is — and what certainly appears to be when you see it in person —
a bighorn.
The second is clearly visible as a human figure with V-shaped
shoulders and arms outstretched to the heavens.
The third is only faintly visible, but it’s there. It’s a carving of an
elongated four-legged creature, possibly meant to represent a
September 2014 — 11
See Medicine Rocks, Page 18
4001 Bell Avenue Billings MT l
See our Beautiful New Models
406 652 9303
Call Today for a Tour & Complimentary Meal
Proud to join the
MorningStar Family
With leadership committed to excellence
Photos courtesy of Tim Mort
Above left: The sculptures of Irish immigrant shepherd Herbert Dalton as they appear today. Above right: The Medicine
Rocks jut up unexpectedly out of the eastern Montana prairie just north of Ekalaka.
By Liz Kearney
Montana Best Times
LIVINGSTON — You see them in
small town parades. They make lefse. And
they make jokes about lutefisk.
“They” are Montanans of Norwegian
descent, many of whom remain connected
to their heritage through the Sons of Nor-
The Sons of Norway, which began as an
informal insurance club among 18 Norwe-
gian-American residents of Minnesota in
1895, has grown to a fraternal benefit
organization with more than 57,000 mem-
bers around the world in 380 groups, or
“lodges,” as they’re known.
The first 18 members came together in
the Minneapolis area. Their goal, accord-
ing to a history page on the Sons of Nor-
way website, was to protect its members
from “financial hardships experienced
during times of sickness or death in the
The financial services provided today
include different types of life insurance
and deferred annuities, holding more than
$600 million in assets.
Later, the organization added the mis-
sion of preserving Norwegian heritage
and culture. Today, the Sons of Norway,
which includes a number of lodges in
Montana, is the largest Norwegian orga-
nization outside of Norway, the website
And members need not be of Norwegian
descent, said Livingston resident Carol
O’Dell, who is president of Big Timber’s
Fjell Heim lodge — although most are.
Non-Norwegians need only have an inter-
est in Norwegian culture.
Why they came
Norwegians immigrated to the United
States and Canada beginning in the early
1800s due to religious persecution in Nor-
way, with larger numbers leaving the
country in the late 1800s and into the early
20th century. The later immigrants came
to the U.S. due to economic concerns and
crop failures in Norway. Agricultural
resources couldn’t keep up with popula-
tion growth, and the U.S. Homestead Act
“promised fertile, flat land,” according to
September 2014 — 12
Sons of Norway keep
Norwegian heritage alive
Photos courtesy of The Big Timber Pioneer
Carol O’Dell, center, waves the flag of Norway in Big Timber’s Norwegian Constitution Day parade, held on May 17. To her
right are Clara Strand, with flag in hand, and Joyce Boe. The parade was followed by dinner and dancing at the Big Timber
American Legion.
the website, Norwegian-American Histori-
cal Association.
Between 1825 and 1925, more than
800,000 Norwegians immigrated to
North America — about one-third of
Norway’s population. The majority
immigrated to the Upper Midwestern
U.S., and others to Canada. With the
exception of Ireland, no single country
contributed a larger percentage of its
population to the United States than Nor-
way, the website states. Americans of
Norwegian descent are the 10th largest
ancestry group in the U.S.
A more detailed breakdown of Norwe-
gian ancestry by county throughout the
states with a strong Norwegian back-
ground may be found online at http://
Montana lodges
The Sons of Norway divide North
America into regional districts. Montana is
in District IV, along with North Dakota,
Alberta and Saskatchewan, Canada. Dis-
trict IV is the only district with interna-
tional boundaries, O’Dell said.
The districts are further broken down
into zones. Montana takes up Zone 5, in
the roughly eastern half of the state, and
Zone 6, the western half.
Lodge activities
The Big Timber lodge, which has mem-
bers in surrounding communities, meets
once a month throughout the year, O’Dell
said. The group meets in Big Timber and
occasionally in Livingston.
In Park County, where Livingston is
located, those of Norwegian descent make
up about 10 percent of the population, the site said. About 21 percent
of Sweet Grass County, where Big Timber
is the county seat, claim Norwegian ances-
Sons of Norway provide multi-genera-
tional language camps, including one held
recently in Red Lodge, O’Dell said. The
organization also provides scholarships at
both the national and state levels.
Fjell Heim lodge most often hold pot-
lucks, O’Dell said, in order to provide a
meal for members who may be driving a
ways to attend. The meal usually includes
a Norwegian program of some sort, either
a short language lesson, a program on Nor-
wegian history, or a genealogy training,
O’Dell said.
The genealogy work can be difficult
sometimes, she said, because it was not
uncommon for the officials at Ellis Island
to shorten, or change completely, a Norwe-
gian name. The program may also include
a demonstration of a Norwegian craft.
Norwegian crafts include rosemaling, a
style of decorative painting; woodworking;
and traditional cookery.
The Big Timber lodge runs a float in the
town’s annual Fourth of July parade. In
May, it held a dinner to honor Norway’s
Constitution Day — May 17 — which is
celebrated each year.
The group has also restored a Norwe-
gian stabbur, or storehouse. The stabbur
may be seen on the grounds of the Crazy
Mountain Museum in Big Timber.
Stabburs were often built on stilts and
without the stairs touching the building to
help keep rodents out, the Scandinavian
Heritage Association website states.
For more information about the Sons of
Norway, including finding a nearby lodge,
Liz Kearney may be reached at commu- or
(406) 222-2000.
September 2014 — 13
Above: Livingston area rancher John Hoiland plays the accordion during Norwegian
Constitution Day festivities in Big Timber in May. The children, from left, are Vera
Enlo, Jordan Duprey and Bridger Schock. Above right: Vera and Kayle Enlo, and
Jordan Duprey modeled “wee troll” costumes with embroidered dresses, caps and
aprons in a historic fashion show led by the history of Norwegian emigration in
Sweet Grass County, May 17. Right: Bridger Schock, left, and Kinsey Hamel,
dressed as a Viking, march in the Constitution Day parade in Norwegian costumes.
September 2014 — 14
Photo courtesy Woodinville Lavender/MCT
People love lavender’s fragrance and know
it’s relaxing but are surprised to learn there
are so many other uses for lavender — like a
seasoning in cooking.
Wine and willows in Washington’s
Woodinville Wine Country
By Kathy Witt
The best repurposing of a strip center surely has to be in Woodin-
ville, Washington, where deserted malls have been repopulated with
wineries — dozens and dozens of them. The proliferation of winer-
ies has turned this once-sleepy community located 30 minutes east
of Seattle into a veritable tasting room, with 107 of them in a city
measuring 5.62 square miles.
Where Washington pours
To put that number in perspective, there are some 800 wineries in
the entire state of Washington. Woodinville, a town founded in the
1880s on a logging homestead along the banks of what is now the
Sammamish River, is considered by some to be the doorway to
Washington wine. And while the vineyards remain east of the Cas-
cade Mountains, the wineries and tasting rooms flourish in Woodin-
ville, beckoning hundreds of thousands each year to taste the grape.
Woodinville’s four wine districts are bookended by the Ware-
house Winery District, home to 48 wineries — many of them pro-
duction facilities you can tour — and, a mere 2.8 miles away, the
Hollywood Winery District where there are 35 tasting rooms as well
as Washington’s founding winery, Chateau Ste. Michelle. In
between are the West Valley Winery District and the Downtown
Winery District.
Each winery has its own distinct vibe, from Patterson Cellars with
its urban warehouse feel and jazzy Pondera with piano and art gal-
lery to edgy Mark Ryan Winery, home of Washington’s “Red Wine
of the Year 2014,” Lonely Heart and JM Cellars, which looks more
like an arboretum with its treescape, ferns and mass plantings, to
William Church Winery, an elegant hole-in-the-wall where you can
have edibles from the Purple Cafe next door delivered to your table
to enjoy along with your wine selections.
Wine lovers can sip and sample wines from Washington’s 13
wine-producing areas without ever leaving Woodinville. No need to
drive across the mountains seeking your favorite varietal; in fact,
there’s no need to drive at all.
Guests staying at Willows Lodge can book a guided Willows
Wine Venture. Every Saturday from 11 a.m. to 3 p.m., the lodge’s
luxury van wends its way into Woodinville Wine Country while the
history of the area is narrated, stopping for personalized tastings at
three wineries. At tour’s conclusion, guests may opt to be dropped
off near the Hollywood Wine District, armed with complimentary
tasting vouchers to continue their adventure.
An oasis surrounded by wine
Located on five lush acres adjacent to the Sammamish River Trail
in the heart of Woodinville Wine Country, Willows Lodge is rustic
elegance that pays tribute to the heritage of the Pacific Northwest
through its design elements. These include the landscaped shell of a
30-foot-tall cedar holding court near the lodge’s front doors and
repurposed Douglas fir timbers for floors and staircase. Within the
lodge and amidst its gardens is the artwork of Haida Native Ameri-
cans, the first inhabitants of the Pacific Northwest: bronze and glass
sculptures and oil paintings.
Onsite dining includes the Barking Frog, cozy and rustic and
known for its American regional cuisine zinged with Pacific North-
west influences; Washington State’s only five-star restaurant, The
Herbfarm; and Fireside, a cozy-casual eatery whose doors open into
the garden.
The lodge has a spa, library, outdoor garden gazebo and relaxation
pool. Bicycles are available for exploring area trails, including one
running along a historic railroad bed. The gardens are made for lei-
surely strolls where you may run into Basil and Borage, the resort’s
resident potbellied pigs, who enjoy stepping out (on leashes) them-
Lodge packages
You simply cannot be within spittin’ distance of 100-plus wineries
and tasting rooms and not offer a wine package. The Willows Lodge
Winecation (starting at $440 per couple, through Sept. 13) includes
overnight accommodations; a glass of Sommelier-select wine for
two in Fireside; bicycles for cruising the trails; a pedi-cab ride to a
local winery; and Le Picnic for two prepared by the Barking Frog
restaurant and packaged in a souvenir backpack — delicieux!
Woodinville Lavender Farm is located about a minute from Wil-
lows Lodge so it makes sense the two would partner for an only-here
experience. The Woodinville Lavender Harvest package (starting at
$390 and available until the end of August) includes overnight
accommodations, a lavender gift, lavender drawn bath, transporta-
tion to Woodinville Lavender and two hours at the farm, which
includes harvesting lavender with one of the farm’s owners.
“People love the fragrance and know it’s relaxing and are some-
times surprised to learn there are so many other uses,” said Tom Frei,
owner of Woodinville Lavender.
Bundle, haul and hang lavender while learning about the care and
maintenance of this fragrant, versatile herb. You will see an essential
oil distillation demonstration, using the farm’s authentic, hand-
formed Alembic still, from the loading of buds to the production of
the essential oil from the still.
More information
Willows Lodge, Opened in 2000, it has
84 Northwest-style guest rooms and suites, amenity-laden and fea-
turing stone fireplaces, soaking tubs designed for two and balconies
overlooking the gardens.
The Herbfarm, Open for themed multi-
course dinners Thursday through Sunday (one seating), with each
day’s menu finalized only hours before the meal. Reservations: (425)
Chateau Ste. Michelle, Summer Concert
at the Chateau Amphitheatre: Gipsy King’s 25th Anniversary Tour,
Aug. 22; Peter Frampton, Aug. 24; Frankie Valli and the Four Sea-
sons, Sept. 12. Tickets are available in the Chateau Wine Shop daily
between the hours of 10 a.m.-5 p.m. or call 800-745-3000.
Adventure guide to don’t-miss moments
• Become a fly on sticky paper, at least that’s the way the estheti-
cian at the Spa at Willows Lodge describes the lodge’s signature
60-minute Honey & Lavender Body Treatment that involves getting
wrapped briefly in a cellophane-like cocoon. This delicious melange
of potions — using local honey, salt and lavender — exfoliates, heals
and nourishes the skin. You’ll float back to your room, your skin
feeling renewed and your mind at peace.
• Roll to nearby wineries by pedi-cab, the Willows’ covered two-
person rickshaw drawn by a bicyclist who will drop you off at winer-
ies within a mile of the lodge, including Chateau Ste. Michelle and
the Hollywood Winery District.
• Revel in a nine-course dinner at The Herbfarm, an internationally
renowned restaurant (and one of America’s 52 AAA 5-Diamond
Award recipients) tucked into an enchanting cottage amidst the gar-
dens of the Willows. Sup on seasonal, locally sourced dishes reflect-
ing the gastronomic bounty of the Pacific Northwest and paired with
six wines of the region.
• Tour Chateau Ste. Michelle, gorgeous and massive and spread
over 100 acres. This is where all the company’s white wines are bot-
tled (the reds are bottled in Washington’s Columbia Valley region).
Daily tours and tastings, plus bustling gift shops, chef dinners, wine
and food classes and an outdoor summer concert series keep things
hopping here.
• Breathe in the scent of lavender while standing in a field of the
fragrant purple herb at the Woodinville Lavender Farm, www.Wood- This is where Willows Lodge gets lavender for
its spa treatments and where visitors shop for lavender oils, bath
salts, soap, sachets, lotion, herbs and seasonings for cooking _ even
ice cream bars (the cardamom and lavender one will make you day-
dream about enjoying this treat again). Travelers take note: You can
buy a TSA-accepted Lavender Travel Pack that includes a 2-oz.
lotion, 2-oz. liquid soap and either a sachet, eye pillow or floral
water ($13-$24).
EDITOR’S NOTE: Author, travel and lifestyle writer, and travel
goods expert Kathy Witt feels you should never get to the end of your
bucket list; there’s just too much to see and do in the world. She can
be reached at or
September 2014 — 15
Photo courtesy Woodinville Wine Country Association/MCT
Winemaker John Patterson of Patterson Cellars works in his
production facility.
By Alastair Baker
Montana Best Times
RED LODGE — For Debbi Brown, his-
tory holds no bounds.
In her youth Brown had little to no
interest in the subject — school never did
much to encourage it — but then at 10
years old, Brown witnessed her grand-
mother tearing apart a paper bag to make
writing paper on which to record her son’s
family tree because Brown’s mother
couldn’t remember some of the branches.
“I only saw that diagram once again
before I was 17 when it was taken out and
that was it. Hook, line and sinker,”
recalled Brown.
From that day she became an active
genealogist and family historian.
“My love for history came from my mom
and my dad’s mother,” she followed up.
A passion for history
Today, Brown, 60, is the historical pres-
ervation manager, mercantile manager and
acting director for the Carbon County His-
torical Society and Museum, Red Lodge.
“I began with the preservation office,
when it first started in the mid-1980s,”
said Brown, who is of Scandinavian and
German heritage. “I had the fun job of
doing all the historic background research
for all our national register nominations,
covering commercial districts and build-
ings, but particularly for the districts and
finding out who made the brick, and who
September 2014 — 16
History woman
MT Best Times photos by Alastair Baker
Debbi Brown, historical preservation manager, mercantile manager and acting director for the Carbon County Historical
Society and Museum, is pictured in Red Lodge.
Red Lodge resident loves
preserving and enjoying the past
built it, and who the first owners were.”
Brown finds the challenges of keeping history alive exhilarat-
ing. She greets each day with a smile knowing those two ele-
“I do love it. I’m very passionate about the community I grew
up in, Red Lodge ... This helped give me a broader understand-
ing of the history of the area. When I talk about this work, it’s
infectious, and I don’t care whose history it is, and when some-
body asks for help, there is nothing better than handing them a
piece of paper that will answer another part of their puzzle,” said
“I love where the historical society is at today, but would like
to see more county history into this place,” she said. “Giving oth-
er towns better representation, we’re just skimming the surface.
All corners of the county need better representation.”
Getting into the information
History for Brown involves not just bricks and mortar but the
lives and events associated with them.
“I was not a history buff through school — Montana history
yes, but the rest, no. But over the years when you do family
research and genealogy, you have to know more than just your
local history. You have to know the migration paths of miners,
cattle barons, railroads. All those things complete a picture of
how you go about searching and where you go next as far as peo-
ple,” said Brown.
She worries that younger generations are missing out on this
bottomless well of information.
“There is so much information out there, but I think schools
skim through history so fast and tailor it towards contemporary
events and what’s politically correct, because there were a lot of
things that went on in the early 1900s that were horribly preju-
diced and vile, but it is history,” she stated. “I’m a believer that
you have to know where you’ve been in order to know were you
are going. And history is a lot like that, and if you don’t learn
your lessons from past history, you are prone to making those
same mistakes.”
Visitor interest
Brown sees a steady interest registered from the visitor num-
bers at the museum.
“Interest is always there, and you have to invite that interest,”
she said. “When you’re passionate, it is an easy sell. Numbers are
fairly consistent, but it runs in streaks. For three weeks solid,
September 2014 — 17
The Carbon County Historical Society
and Museum in Red Lodge.
Rent Based on Income, HUD 202 PRAC
Live On-Site Community Administrator
Free Laundry • On-Site Parking
Mailboxes on Premises
Electric, Gas, Water, Sewer, & Trash
Included in Rent
Community Room Available for Social
Gatherings & Meetings
Accepting Applications for Independent Seniors
Great News for Seniors 62 yrs of Age & Older!
Call (406) 248-9117 • 1439 Main Street • Billings, MT
See History Woman, Page 18
September 2014 — 18
Early American
explorers leave mark
Native Americans weren’t the only ones
to leave their marks on these rocks, howev-
When the first American explorers and
settlers happened upon Medicine Rocks,
they, too, felt compelled to use them as a
tablet to commemorate their passage.
Names and dates from the late 19th and
early 20th century abound in some places
among the rocks. Teddy Roosevelt is said
to have carved his name here, though it’s
never been found and is believed to have
eroded away.
Some folks wanted to leave more than a
name and a date.
The most prominent example is the intri-
cate artwork left behind by an Irish immi-
grant sheepherder named Herbert Dalton.
The story goes that when Dalton came
west in the first decade of the 20th century
to work on a local ranch, his girl refused to
come with him. While Dalton was encamp-
ed at Medicine Rocks tending sheep, he
carved a portrait of his lost love into the
rock, dating its completion on May 6, 1904.
He later added a carving of a bird offer-
ing his lady a flower, leaving behind a mag-
nificent example of pioneer artwork.
Like so many other historic carvings,
however, Dalton’s sculpture has suffered
both from the elements and thoughtless
Weathering is unavoidable. Eventually,
the wind and driving rain will erase every
single marking from these rocks, from the
ancient to the modern.
But they can last for much longer if only
people will leave them alone.
Protecting the rocks
Dalton’s carvings show evidence of the
most heinous vandalism. His lady’s face
has been lost, the tell-tale evidence of bullet
pocking clearly visible, which is at least
partly to blame for the damage.
Any carving over 50 years old is protect-
ed by law, but legally, no one is supposed to
carve on this sacred site anymore. Even
those whose marks are now past the
50-year mark are forbidden from retracing
their original carving.
As for anybody going out there today,
your testimonial to your paramour does not
enhance the place, it only diminishes it. It’s
a message Powell wants everyone who vis-
its Medicine Rocks to take with them
before they go.
“We want to preserve that history as long
as we can,” Powell said. “We want people
to come to Medicine Rocks to be able to
view all that history, and carving in the
walls destroys that history and takes away
from people’s experience viewing that his-
tory in the future.”
If you go
What visitors should bring is a healthy
imagination and a sense of adventure.
Daytrippers are the norm, but the park
does offer a dozen campsites where over-
night guests can watch the sandstone for-
mations turn shades of pink in the light of
the setting sun and stargaze under the
expansive, pristine Big Sky.
Potable water is available at the park
entrance, and there are vault toilets in the
park, but there are no other amenities.
State parks staff are rarely present, so
visitors are largely on their own recogni-
Anyone wanting more information
before making a trip to Medicine Rocks
should contact Powell or Park Ranger
Tom Shoush at the Makoshika State Park
visitor center in Glendive at (406) 377-
Jason Stuart may be reached at rrreport- or (406) 377-3303.
The surreal forms of the Medicine
Rocks come in whimsical shapes and all
Medicine Rocks, from Page 11
History woman, from Page 17
you’ll get nothing but people wanting family history information,
then you’ll get three weeks of Liver Eating Johnson. Right now
the antique motorcycles have been a big draw. And our exhibit
turnover keeps it fresh, and our lecture series is working out well
for us.”
Brown also gets positive feed back from the Historic Down-
town Walking tours that usually extend past the allotted hour. She
is also beginning to see an increase of donations to the museum
over estate sales.
‘Write something’
Brown has several ideas to up the current membership, which
she equates to being part of a “large family. ”
She is also developing an idea to challenge people to send in
their family histories, even if they don’t know much about them.
“Be it a page or 500 pages, write something about your fami-
ly,” she said. “We’d love to extend the family history files. It is a
way to improve the research and expand our knowledge.”
The challenge also includes photographs, artifacts, oral histo-
ries — in fact, all manner of things.
She would also like to see a military database developed of all
the people who served from Carbon County.
“I can’t tell people enough that their own history makes our
Carbon County history so much better,” said Brown.
The Carbon County Historical Society and Museum is at
224 N. Broadway, Red Lodge. It is open Memorial Day to
Sept. 29, Monday-Saturday, 10 a.m.-5 p.m., and Sunday 11
a.m. -3 p.m.; Sept. 30 to Memorial Day on Thursday, Friday,
Saturday, 11 a.m.-4 p.m., and closed Sunday-Wednesday.
Admission is $5 for adults; $3 for students; $12 for families;
and free for members, children under 5 and school groups.
Call (406) 446-3667 for more information or visit
September 2014 — 19
Gallatin County
- American Cancer Society-Road to
Recovery: Drivers needed for patients
receiving treatments from their home to the
- American Red Cross Blood Drive: Two
volunteer opportunities available: an
ambassador needed to welcome, greet,
thank and provide overview for blood
donors; and phone team volunteers needed
to remind, recruit or thank blood donors.
Excellent customer service skills needed,
training will be provided, flexible schedule.
- Befrienders: Befriend a senior; visit on a
regular weekly basis.
- Belgrade Senior Center: Meals on
Wheels needs regular and substitute driv-
ers, before noon, Monday-Friday, to deliver
meals to seniors.
- Big Brothers Big Sisters: Be a positive
role model for only a few hours each week.
- Bozeman and Belgrade Sacks Thrift
Stores: Need volunteers 2-3 hour shifts on
any day, Monday-Saturday 9:30 a.m.-6
- Bozeman Deaconess Hospital: Volun-
teers needed for the information desks in
the Atrium and the Perk, 8 a.m.-noon,
noon- 4 p.m.
- Bozeman Senior Center Foot Clinic:
Retired or nearly retired nurses are urgently
needed, 2 days a month, either 4 or 8 hour
Community Café: Volunteer needed, 2-3
hours at the beginning and end of the
month, to enter computer data into Excel
- Galavan: Volunteer drivers needed Mon-
day-Friday, 10 a.m.-2 p.m. CDL required
and Galavan will assist you in obtaining
- Gallatin Rest Home: Volunteers wanted
for visiting the residents, sharing your
knowledge of a craft, playing cards or read-
ing to a resident.
- Gallatin Valley Food Bank: Volunteers
needed to deliver commodities to seniors in
their homes once a month. Deliveries in
Belgrade are especially needed.
- Habitat for Humanity Restore: Belgrade
store needs volunteers for general help,
sorting donations and assisting customers.
- Heart of The Valley: Compassionate vol-
unteers especially needed to love, play with
and cuddle cats.
- Help Center: Computer literate volunteer
interested in entering data into a social ser-
vices database. Also volunteers needed to
make phone calls to different agencies/pro-
grams to make sure database is up to date
and make safety calls to home bound
- Jessie Wilber Gallery at The Emerson:
Volunteers needed on Wednesdays, Thurs-
days, and Fridays to greet people at the
main desk, answer questions and keep track
of the number of visitors.
- Museum of the Rockies: Variety of
opportunities available such as helping in
the gift shop and more.
- RSVP Handcrafters: Volunteers to quilt,
knit, crochet and embroider hats for chemo
patients, baby blankets and other handmade
goods once a week (can work from home).
- Three Forks Food Bank: Volunteer need-
ed on Mondays and/or Thursday’s to help
with administrative duties, including
answer phones and questions, some paper
and computer work. They will train.
- Your unique skills and interests are need-
ed, without making a long-term commit-
ment, in a variety of ongoing, special, one-
time events.
Contact: Deb Downs, RSVP Program
Coordinator, 807 N. Tracy, Bozeman, MT
59715; phone (406) 587-5444; fax (406)
582-8499; email:
Park County
- 9/11 Heroes Event: Volunteers needed in
many ways.
- The Danforth Gallery: Volunteer help
needed with greeting persons.
- Fix-It-Brigade: Needs volunteers of all
skill levels for 2 hour tasks to help seniors
and veterans with small home repairs, such
as mending a fence, cleaning up a yard, and
- Loaves and Fishes and/or Food Pantry:
Many volunteer opportunities available.
- RSVP Handcrafters: Volunteers to knit
and crochet caps and scarves for each child
at Head Start, also as gifts for children of
prenatal class couples.
- Shane Center: Flexible schedules for
friendly volunteers to greet and show peo-
ple around the center.
- Stafford Animal Shelter: Volunteers
needed to play with the animals and walk
the dogs.
- Yellowstone Gateway Museum: Volun-
teers needed for a variety of exciting
projects this fall.
- Various other agencies are in need of
your unique skills and help in a variety of
ongoing and one-time special events,
including with mailings.
Contact: RSVP Program Coordinator, 206
So. Main St., Livingston, MT 59047; phone
(406) 222-2281; email: livingston@rsvpmt.
Fergus & Judith Basin counties
- Community Cupboard (Food Bank):
Needs volunteers to help any week morn-
ings as well as with deliveries.
- Council on Aging: Needs volunteers to
assist at the Senior (Grub Steaks) and other
various programs.
- Library and Art Center: Volunteer help
always appreciated.
- ROWL (Recycle Our Waste Lewistown):
Recruiting volunteers for the 3rd Saturday
of the month to help with greeting, traffic
directing, sorting, baling and loading recy-
clables working to keep plastic wastes from
our landfills.
- Treasure Depot: Needs volunteers at
their thrift stores.
- Always have various needs for your
skills and volunteer services in our commu-
Contact: RSVP Volunteer Coordinator,
404 W. Broadway, Wells Fargo Bank build-
ing, (upstairs), Lewistown, MT 59457;
phone (406) 535-0077; email: rsvplew@
Musselshell, Golden Valley
& Petroleum counties
- America Reads: Tutor students in the
important skill of reading.
- Food Bank: Distribute food commodities
to seniors and others in the community;
help unload the truck as needed.
- Meals on Wheels Program: Deliver
meals to the housebound in the community,
just one day a week, an hour and a half,
meal provided.
- Museum: Volunteers are needed to greet
visitors and guides to show people around.
- Nursing Home: Assist with activities for
residents to enrich supported lifestyle.
- School Lunch Program: Help serve and
supervise children in the lunch room, meal
- Senior Bus: Volunteers to pickup folks
who are unable to drive themselves.
- Senior Center: Volunteers are needed to
provide meals, clean up in the dining room
and/or keep records; meal provided.
- RSVP offers maximum flexibility and
choice to its volunteers as it matches the
personal interests and skills of older Ameri-
cans with opportunities to serve their com-
munities. You choose how and where to
serve. Volunteering is an opportunity to
learn new skills, make friends and connect
with your community.
Contact: Volunteer coordinator Amanda
Turley, South Central MT RSVP, 315 1/2
Main St., Ste. #1, Roundup, MT 59072;
phone (406) 323-1403; fax (406) 323-
4403; email:;
Facebook: South Central MT RSVP.
Custer & Rosebud counties
- Clinic Ambassador: Need volunteer to
greet patients and visitors, providing direc-
tions and more.
- Custer County Food Bank: Volunteers
needed for food distribution Tuesdays,
Wednesdays and Thursdays.
- Custer County Network Against Domestic
See RSVP, Page 21
Below is a list of volunteer openings available through the Retired and Senior Volunteer Program (RSVP) in
communities across southern Montana. To learn more about RSVP, call (800) 424-8867 or TTY (800) 833-3722;
or log on to www.
Although fall begins in September,
there are plenty of very warm days in
the ninth month of the year.
Your list of warm weather recipes
might have been stretched a bit thin,
so here are some recipes for dishes and
drinks that will keep you and your guests
cool on a warm, summer-like evening.
There’s something about the taste of
a ripe mango that means summertime.
When it’s served cool and fresh, it
brings a rich, fruity taste to a salad. The
recipe to the left produced a salad that
was served at a recent dinner party at the Durfey shack. All the
guests except one told me they thought the dish was heavenly.
The only one who wasn’t excited about the fresh, fruity favors
in the salad doesn’t like anything unless it has meat in it. You
can’t please everyone.
The cocktails to the right are perfect aperitifs
for a warm September day. A refreshing cocktail
can help the imbiber forget that cold weather
will be paying us Montanans a visit in the not-
too-distant future.
All three cocktails call for a liqueur that your
Best Times recipe contributor wasn’t familiar
with until recently — elderfower liqueur. A
recent edition of Bon Appetit magazine featured
a cocktail named The Elvis, which called for
grapefruit juice, gin, elderfower liqueur and
India Pale Ale. I was pleasantly surprised to fnd
the liqueur in Livingston at a liquor store called
Spirits Liquor and Wine. The owner, Greg Ricci,
told me it infuses cocktails with an intriguing
fruit favor. Some Livingston restaurants and
bars offer cocktails with elderfower liqueur,
he added. The liqueur has recently been
“discovered” here, according to Ricci.
A Google search indicated the liqueur is made
from the fowers of the European elderberry plant.
An afternoon party some friends of ours
hosted in July provided the perfect testing
ground for The Elvis. I made the cocktail for at
least 10 attendees.
The Elvis earned rave reviews on that very
warm day. People told me they loved the
refreshing taste of the drink.
The other two recipes listed below make
concoctions that are just as refreshing.
On The Menu
With Jim Durfey
September 2014 — 20
Mango Tango Tossed Salad
1/2 c. sugar
3/4 c. vegetable oil
1 tsp. salt
1/4 c. balsamic vinegar
8 c. baby salad greens
2 c. sweetened dried cranberries
1/2 lb. fresh strawberries, halved
1 mango - pit removed, peeled and cubed
1/2 c. chopped Vidalia or Walla Walla sweet onion
1/2 c. slivered almonds
Mix first four ingredients well in quart canning jar or
juice container. Combine remaining ingredients in
large mixing bowl. Pour dressing over salad. Toss
until well combined. Keep cool.
The Elvis
3 oz. grapefruit juice
1 1/2 oz. gin
1/2 oz. elderflower liqueur
India Pale Ale
Add grapefruit juice, gin and liqueur to cocktail shaker with ice.
Shake until well mixed. Pour into cocktail glass with ice. Pour ale
over top until glass is full.
The St-Germain Cocktail
2 parts brut champagne or dry sparkling wine
1½ parts St-Germain elderflower liqueur
2 parts club soda
Fill a tall Collins glass with ice. Add champagne first, then
liqueur, then club soda (directions for this recipe indicate the
ingredients must be added in this order). Stir completely. Garnish
with lemon twist.
Sangria Flora
1 bottle dry white wine or sauvignon blanc
2 c. elderflower liqueur
2 fresh peaches, cut into small wedges
5-6 fresh strawberries, hulled and halved
6 fresh raspberries
1 small bunch fresh grapes, removed from stems
Stir all above ingredients in pitcher or carafe. Allow fruit to
marinate for three to eight hours in refrigerator before serving.
Put ice in cocktail glasses. Pour mixture into glasses. Use long
handled spoon to distribute fruit evenly among glasses. What
you’ll create are fabulous looking drinks that taste great.
Heat antidotes
— Wednesday, September 3
• Laurel Downtown Farmers Market, 4-6
p.m., Wednesdays through September 24,
• Livingston Farmers Market, 4:30-7:30
p.m., Wednesdays through September 24,
Miles Park, Livingston
— Thursday, September 4
• Columbus Farmers Markets, 4:00-6:30
p.m., Columbus
— Friday, September 5
• Fall Home Improvement Show, through
September 7, Metra Park Expo Center,
• Glendive Farmers Market, 10-11 a.m.,
Fridays through October 3, JC West Park,
• Little Horn State Bank Farmers Market,
7:30-11:30 a.m., Fridays through
September 19, Hardin
• Red Lodge Farmers Market, 3:30-6:30
p.m., Fridays through September 26, Lions
Park, Red Lodge
— Saturday, September 6
• Farmers Market, 8 a.m.-3 p.m.,
Cobblestone Community Center, Absarokee
• Gallatin Valley Farmers Market, 9 a.m.-
noon, through September 13, Gallatin
County Fairgrounds, Bozeman
• Dillon Farmers Market, 9 a.m.-1 p.m.,
Saturdays through September 27, Dillon
• Charlie Russell Chew-Choo, 4 p.m.,
• Annual Montana State Chokecherry
Festival, Main Street, Lewistown
• Lewistown Farmers Market, 8 a.m.-3
p.m., through October 4, Symmes Park,
• Miles City Farmers Market, 8 a.m.-
noon, Saturdays through October 25,
Riverside Park, Miles City
— Sunday, September 7
• Bozeman Marathon and Half
Marathon, Gallatin Gateway Valley,
• Museum of the Rockies’ Living History
Farm Festival, Tinsley House, Bozeman
• Country Fun Day, Big Horn County
Historical Museum and State Visitor
Center, Hardin
— Wednesday, September 10
• Montana Academy of Livingston
History, through September 12, Deer
— Thursday, September 11
• Miles City Garden Club meets every
2nd Thursday of the month, 7 p.m.,
First Baptist Church, Miles City
— Friday, September 12
• Museum of the Rockies: Two fly event,
through September 13, Bozeman
• North American Indian Alliance Pow
Wow, through September 13, Butte Civic
Center, Butte
— Saturday, September 13
• Annual Big Sky Draft Horse Expo,
through September 14, Powell County
Fairgrounds, Deer Lodge
• Retro ReBoot: Vintage sale, meal, Sisters
on the Fly campers, and an evening dance,
9 a.m. - midnight, Big Horn County
Fairgrounds, Hardin
• Charlie Russell Chew-Choo, 4 p.m.,
• High Plains Classic Car Show, Riverside
Park, Miles City
• Oktoberfest, Special Events Center, Red
• At Trails End Living History Program,
through September 14, Virginia City
— Friday, September 19
• Belgrade Fall Festival, through September
20, Belgrade
• Great Divide orchid Society Show and
Sale, through September 21, Capital Hill
Mall, Helena
• Livingston Gallery Association Art
Walk, 5:30-8:00 p.m., Livingston
— Saturday, September 20
• Billings Symphony Opening Night:
Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony and
Dvorak’s Cello Concerto, Alberta Bair
Theater, Billings
• The Hoedown, Carbon County Historical
Society and Museum’s Annual Fundraiser,
Red Lodge
• Evelyn J Cameron Gala, Rialto Theatre,
— Thursday, September 25
• Montana State Genealogical Society
Annual Conference, through September
27, Red Lion Colonial Inn, Bozeman
— Friday, September 26
• Western Sustainability Exchange
Harvest Celebration Dinner and
Auction, Chico Hot Springs, Pray
— Saturday, September 27
• Charlie Russell Chew-Choo, 4 p.m.,
— Wednesday, October 1
• Hatch Film Festival, through October 4,
• Central Montana AG Tour, Lewistown
— Friday, October 3
• Bozeman Straw Bale Maze, weekends
through October 31, Bozeman
• Bridger Raptor Festival, through October
5, Saddle Peak and Jim Bridger Lodges in
Bridger Bowl Ski Area, Bozeman
• Tamarack Festival and Brewfest, through
October 5, Seeley Lake
— Saturday, October 4
• Stillwater River Run & Fun Walk,
September 2014 — 21
September 2014 Calendar
RSVP, from Page 19
Violence: Crisis line volunteer needed.
- Forsyth Senior Center: Volunteer musi-
cians needed to provide entertainment.
- Historic Miles City Academy: Volunteers
needed to assist in thrift store and mainte-
- Holy Rosary Health Care: Volunteer
receptionists needed at the front desk.
- Range Riders Museum: Greeters needed
through Oct. 31, dates and times of your
- St. Vincent DePaul: Volunteers to assist
in several different capacities.
- WaterWorks Art Museum: Volunteer
receptionists needed, 2 hour shifts Tues-
If you are interested in these or other
volunteer opportunities please contact:
Betty Vail, RSVP Director; 210 Win-
chester Ave. #225, MT 59301; phone
(406) 234-0505; email: rsvp05@midriv-
Dawson County
- Local Farm to Table Store: Seeking vol-
unteers to help clean and sort beans, can be
done at home and beans will be delivered to
you there. Also someone to help in and dur-
ing store hours, 11 a.m.-6 p.m.
If you have a need for or a special interest
or desire to volunteer somewhere in the
community, please contact: Patty Atwell,
RSVP Director, 604 Grant, Glendive, MT
59330; phone (406) 377-4716; email:
Q. “Tachymarptis melba” may not be
the swiftest of birds, but they soar above
the others in a rather remarkable way.
What’s the way?
A. Alpine swifts are said to spend more
than six consecutive months aloft, not even
resting after migrating to North Africa
following their breeding season in Europe,
reports “New Scientist” magazine. “Up to
now, such long-lasting locomotive activity
had been reported only for animals living in
the sea,” says Felix Liechti of the Swiss
Ornithological Institute in Sempach. Yet
when he and his colleagues attached
lightweight data loggers to three alpine
swifts and recaptured them the following
year, measurements of the birds’
acceleration and geographic location
suggested that for 200 days, all three swifts
remained airborne while migrating to and
wintering in Africa, probably surviving on
airborne plankton and sleeping on the wing
(“Nature Communications”).
“Amazing, truly amazing,” says Carsten
Egevang of the Greenland Institute of
Natural Resources in Nuuk, of Liechti’s
findings. “We knew that swifts stay on the
wing for long periods, but 200 days is very
Q. Is there anything you can do to
improve your luck?
A. You can forget about influencing the
outcomes of truly chance-based events, like
coin tosses or lottery draws, says Oliver
Burkeman in “Mental Floss” magazine.
And, as suggested by research
psychologists Gabriele Oettingen and Doris
Mayer, the more people fantasize about,
say, getting a great job, the less money they
tend to earn. “Perhaps this is because
fantasy replaces effort that could get them
ahead in the real world. Similarly, people
who positively fantasize more about
romance are less likely to ask out potential
partners on actual dates.”
So rather than focusing on what you
think you want, the better approach is “to
cultivate a radical openness to unplanned
experiences, loosen your grip on your goals
and embrace uncertainty.” When
psychologist Richard Wiseman recruited
self-described lucky or unlucky subjects, he
found that the lucky ones exhibited similar
traits that maximized their good fortune,
such as exposing themselves to new people
and events. Doubtless, such uncertainty
feels uncomfortable, Burkeman adds, so
we’re tempted to try to avoid it, “but
learning to tolerate it will bring us better
The true lesson here: “Almost everyone
who plays the lottery loses. Spend those
dollars on a cup of coffee with a stranger
Q. Humans can discriminate several
million different colors and almost half a
million different sound tones. What
about odors?
A. For nearly a century, it was believed
that the average person could discriminate
only 10 thousand different odors, reports
“Science” magazine. But Rockefeller
University researcher Caroline Bushdid and
her colleagues conducted a clever set of
experiments to test the idea: Drawing from a
“library” of 128 odorous molecules, they
mixed the molecules together, then grouped
the mixtures in pairs, some pairs with a 90
percent overlap of molecules, others 60
percent, and so on, down to no overlap at all.
Then 28 subjects were presented with
three odor vials--two containing the same
mixture and the third containing a different
mixture — and were asked to identify the
vial with the unique odor. Careful analysis
of the results showed that “the human
olfactory system, with its hundreds of
different olfactory receptors, far
outperforms the other senses in the number
of physically different stimuli it can
discriminate.” That number is more than a
trillion (1,000,000,000,000)!
Q. “Made in America” on a pickup
truck might be an inducement to
purchase for some, the opposite for
others. In our global marketplace, what
are some cultural barriers that can
impede acceptance of products in other
A. “For one, illustrations of feet are
regarded as despicable in Thailand,” say
William Pride et al. in “Business: 12th
Edition.” Even the color of a product or its
package can influence a purchase: In Japan,
black and white are the colors of mourning
and thus should be avoided, while purple is
the color of death in Brazil. And in Egypt,
green--the national color--is also not used
in packaging.
More generally, customers’ perceptions
of a country might affect their purchase of
unfamiliar products from there. “For
example, because Mexican cars have not
been viewed by the world as being quality
products, Volkswagen may not want to
advertise that some of its models sold in the
United States are made in Mexico,” the
authors add. “And many retailers on the
Internet have yet to come to grips with the
task of designing an online shopping site
that is attractive and functional for all
global customers.”
Q. Are you 18 or older? Do you vote?
Do you golf? Can you cite other
distinctive characteristics of the number
A. In our culture, 18 represents the
minimum voting age, number of holes on a
complete golf course, wheels on a trailer
truck, say Alfred Posamentier and Ingmar
Lehmann in “Mathematical Curiosities.”
And consider these two 18-letter words:
“conversationalists” and
“conservationalists,” the longest pair of
anagrams in English, excluding scientific
Plus, 18 signals some interesting
mathematics. For example, 18 is the only
September 2014 — 22
By Bill Sones and Rich Sones, Ph.D.
Send STRANGE questions to brothers Bill and Rich at
: Birds spend 6
consecutive months aloft
number that is twice the sum of its digits
(18 = 9 + 9) and its reversal of 81 is the
square of the sum of its digits (81 = 9 x 9).
Extending the oddities further, 198 = 99 +
99; and 891 = 9 x 99.
More fun awaits. Begin by taking any
three digit number whose digits are all dif-
ferent and arrange them in order to form
their largest number and then their smallest
number. Next, subtract the smaller one
from the larger, and you’ll discover the
answer to be a number whose digits add up
to 18. Now, let’s try this with the number
584. First write the smallest number as 458
and the largest number as 854. Subtracting
854 - 458, you get 396, and the sum of these
digits (3 + 9 + 6) is 18! As the authors say,
“This makes a great impression at any din-
ner party you attend.”
Q. When was baseball’s historic break-
through into “dogless” no more?
A. It was sometime before 1893 that
Chris von der Ahe, plucky owner of the St.
Louis Browns, took a notion to popularize
the sport by building an amusement park
around his stadium, reports “Mental Floss”
magazine. This took baseball from a “high-
brow diversion for gentlemen” to a game
for the masses, with the lure of cheap tick-
ets, hawked beer and German snacks, likely
including frankfurters. “In no time, ballpark
franks became a fan favorite, and today,
Americans scarf down more than 20 million
hot dogs at games each year.”
Q. It’s not often that Microsoft Win-
dows finds itself in the punch line and the
butt of a joke. Can you imagine a ques-
tion to bring this one on?
A. The discussion began with this query
in “Science News” magazine: What’s the
“estimated annual bird deaths in the United
States by cause”? It then reported the count
as 1.3-4.0 billion birds killed by cats; 365-
988 million killed in window collisions; and
573 thousand from wind turbines.
No joke so far, but here it is: The online
title for the story, “Windows kill up to 988
million birds a year in the United States”
prompted some readers to imagine a very
different sort of threat: “I always thought
that Windows was a big problem. OS X
[Mac’s new operating system] is much bet-
ter,” joked Casey B. “Microsoft should be
“Ask me about the
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1 W. Coast force
5 Trailer
15 “Superman” (1978)
co-producer Salkind
16 Guacamole makerʼs
17 Active
18 Struggle for a
19 Historic Greenwich
Village club
21 Ivanhoe, e.g.
22 Lao-__
23 Goal in an 18-Across
26 Volume One words,
28 Blame
30 Give an essentials-
only account
39 Exercises in futility
40 Mortgageeʼs calcula-
41 Group project feed-
42 Singerʼs asset
43 Waste no time
44 Half-day exam given
four times a yr.
47 Welcome words
50 Mil. trial
54 One at the end of the
57 Band with the 1986
#1 hit “Venus”
60 Marquee time
61 Help in a stock
62 Old 442 rivals
63 Fast-moving game
64 Lacking
1 Joggers of a sort
2 Top dog
3 Brand introduced by
Corning in 1915
4 Certain prep schooler
5 Caravel feature
6 British miler Steve
7 Crams, with “up”
8 Comforting comment
9 Up-to-the-minute
10 Wonderlands
11 Multitude
12 WWII cost-stabiliz-
ing agcy.
13 Jack letters
14 Time for les vacanc-
20 Former Acura model
24 Gotten up
25 Local __
27 Chiwere speakers
29 Attention getters
30 Take the wrong way?
31 __ gland: organ that
secretes melatonin
32 Lets out, say
33 Old West transport,
in dialect
34 Historic Padua
35 Passbook amts.
36 Net funds
37 DNA compound
38 Sessions involving
45 Up
46 Like a rake
47 Pulitzer journalist
48 Hot
49 They occur before
51 “You Must Love
Me” musical
52 Place atop
53 Bobby pin target
55 Jeanne __
56 Means of emphasis
57 Hardly big shots?
58 Klee contemporary
59 __ Valley: San Fran-
cisco area
September 2014 — 23
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